8 Types of mental disorders

 

types-of-mental-disorder
mental disorder


Mental disorder is more common in the US .approximately one in five teenager’s experiences mental health problems. The disease also varies in its severity. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, SMI is more prevalent in women than in me .it usually occurs at the age of 18 to 25. People with a mixed-race background are affected more commonly as compared to people of other ethnicities. People are facing different types of mental disorders nowadays.

According to the report of the international mental health centre mental health refers to our psychological and emotional stability. Having perfect mental health helps you spend a positive and healthy life. It helps you achieve all your goals with full determination. But if you are not mentally stable, it destroys your peace and capability to perform daily tasks. IT can be influenced by various factors.

Genetic

  • Environmental
  • Biochemical
  • Daily habit
  • diet

types of mental disorders:

There are different types of mental disorders or mental illness. people always want to know how many types of top mental disorders. that why I am explaining all types here to help you how to treat all these mental disorders or mental illnesses.

 

  • Bipolar disorder:
  • Generalized anxiety disorder:
  • Major depressive disorder:
  • Social anxiety disorder:
  • Schizophrenia:
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Persistent depressive disorder:

 

1:Bipolar disorder

bipolar-disorder-is-serious-kind-of-disorder
bipolar disorder

There are different types of mental disorders. Bipolar disorder is a serious mental disorder. According to a report of 2017, about 46 million people are affected by bipolar disorder. In America, about 2.3 million people are affected by this chronic mental disease.

 

There are different symptoms of bipolar disorders in different persons. People with bipolar disorder have mood swings episodes and sometimes face severe depression. These all conditions appear in intervals. People with this serious illness feel some time happy and sometimes feels extremely sad or alone. They don’t have a constant mood or personality. but There are different types of bipolar disorder. however, all types of mental disorders are treatable.

  • Bipolar 1 disorder:

In this type of bipolar disorder manic episode remains for 7 days or more in person. But sometimes a person goes through major depression and it remains for 14 to 20 days.

  • Bipolar 2 disorder:

In this type of mental disorder, a person experiences both depressions or mania, and severe depressive episodes. but Mania is not severe in this type of bipolar so the doctor named it hypomania.

 

  • Cyclothymic disorder:

This is a more common type of bipolar disorder. This is also known as a cyclothymic disorder. In this condition person also show symptoms of depression and mania or hypomania that remain in the patient for two years in mature persons and 12 months in small Childers.

  • Another type:

Sometimes people don’t have the above symptoms. They show mixed symptoms of hypomania and depression. Therefore this type of illness is called another type of mental disorder.

2:Generalized anxiety disorder

Generalized anxiety disorder is common nowadays. humans are suffering from these different types of mental disorders or illnesses. People also have anxiety issues .they usually become nervous in gatherings, or during giving presentations and in group works.

 

moreover, People who are experiencing this mental illness or disorder become worried about everything. They usually take tension about every little thing where it is not needed.

anxiety-is-one-of-types-of-mental-disorder

therefore People affected by this mental disorder always feel nervous about their daily tasks. According to their thoughts, nothing will be good or in their favour ever. So people with GAD are not confident about anything. They feel awkward in a social gathering.

According to studies about 3% of people are affected by a generalized anxiety disorder in America.

3:Major depressive disorder

People suffering from major depressive disorder feel hopeless and extremely sad or depressed. This condition persists for 14 days in the affected person. A major depressive disorder is also known as clinical depression. This is the most serious mental illness of 8 common types of mental disorders.

 

According to research, about 264 million people are suffering from a major depressive disorder. And per year in America, every 7% of people experience major depression.

depression-is-serious-mental-illness
depression is a serious issue

According to the national institute of mental health people with MDD disorder feels upset about their lives and issues. They feel hopeless and try to commit suicide.

4:Social anxiety disorder

People are suffering from different types of mental disorders or bad health condition. It is the most common mental illness nowadays. This is also known as social phobia. People suffering from this type of mental illness have a social fear of society. A person suffering from this social anxiety disorder becomes nervous and conscious in a social gathering. They think people are judging him or talking about him.

social-anxiety-is-serious-types-of-mental-disorder
this picture is about a girl who is suffering from social anxiety

These people avoid social gatherings and don’t make friends. According to the report, about 15 million people are suffering from social anxiety in the United States every year.

 

5: Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia affects a person’s cognition and presents with delusions, hallucinations, and illusions.

causes:

  • Genetic
  • Environmental
  • Neurodevelopmental

People are experiencing different types of mental disorders. It interferes with their connection to the surrounding world. The schizophrenic person might have auditory hallucinations for example hear some voices talking to him in the background, he thinks that his thoughts are being broadcasted and are controlled by any supernatural powers. He misinterprets things for example a snake after looking at a stick.

 

therefore This needs immediate treatments with Antipsychotics to enable the person to live a healthy life.

6: Obsessive-compulsive disorder

This is a severe type of mental disorder or mental illness. a person who is suffering from it always remains in his own desire and dreams. That person starts assuming about something or someone and becomes obsessive about that. for example, they become obsessive about their loved ones.

According to the report, people are suffering from different types of mental disorders and this is an alarming type of mental disorder. In this situation, if they do not get the result as per their desire they can harm that person or thing. We have seen many cases like that.

woman-is-suffering-from-mental-disorder
old woman is patient of schizophrenia

According to research, about 2.2 million people are suffering from this disorder.in America, 2 per cent of the whole population is suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder.

7:Persistent depressive disorder

PDD is a chronic depressive disorder. Many people called it dysthymia.it is a long-term disease .almost its symptoms remain for 2years. People with a type of mental disorder remain in sadness .they not feel happy even in happy situations. They stay in their sad thoughts.

 

According to the international mental health centre, persistent depressive disorder is not as severe as other mental disorders. This is one of the common mental illnesses. This is also known as social phobia. People suffering from this type of mental illness have a social fear of society. A person suffering from this social anxiety disorder becomes nervous in a social gathering. They think people are judging him or talking about him.

These people avoid social gatherings and don’t make friends. According to the report, about 15 million people are suffering from social anxiety in the United States every year.

Symptoms:

Different types of mental disorders have different kinds of symptoms. but there are few common symptoms for above all types of mental disorders.

  • Here is a few common symptoms disorder
  • Eating less from usual routine or overeating
  • Sleeping much or have sleep issues like insomnia
  • feels dizzy even after taking good sleep
  • ¬†impassiveness or lacking responsiveness
  • Feeling helpless and negative feeling about everything
  • ¬†depressed all time
  • Drinking alcohol or smoking even more than the usual routine
  • Feeling confused, and irritability
  • Anxiety, anger, and mood swings
  • Experience flashback and hearing voices in your head
  • Suicidal thought or thinking himself useless or non-loveable

what are three methods to treat mental disorders?

There are different treatments for different types of mental disorders. but the question is how to treat mental disorders? here, in short, wayI will suggest to you how to deal with it.

Medication:

 

there are four types of medication.

  • Antidepressants
  • Antianxiety medications
  • Antipsychotics and mood-stabilizing agents.

Your symptoms and their severity are the determining factors for the class of drug, you’ll be using for your mental illness. according to people’s questions, why treatment is necessary for mental illness? and another most asked question is when to go to the doctor?

consult-doctor-for-any-kind-of-mental-illness
mental illness and treatment
  • Psychotherapy:

Talk therapy provides you with an opportunity to interact with mental health providers. where you can share all of your problems, irritable thoughts, and ideas with him and he acts as a neutral mediator. because psychiatrist

knows how-to helps you in this situation and helps you to learn coping mechanisms to fight your problems and live a healthy life.

  • Treatment in hospital:

Some people may need brief hospital or residential treatment facilities. These programs arrange for an overnight stay for a perfect and complete treatment. DAY Time programs are also available where people can get treatment for a short period of time.

  • Alternative treatments:

Some alternative treatments can also be used in addition to mainstay treatments as supplements. People use different treatments for different types of disorders. Method of These is really helpful in eliminating your mental illness. These alternative treatments include complete follow up to your treatment plans, avoiding alcohol intake, and ingesting food products that maintain your brain function.

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