Women’s experience of health and disease is different from men’s due to different biological, social, and behavioural conditions. There are different health concerns related to women’s health. Women have different phenotypes and cellular biology from men. so they show unique risk for the development of the disease. According to the WHO definition of health is “Health is a state of physical, mental and social well-being in which disease and infirmity are absent. Women’s health is an example of specific population health.
what is women’s health?
Women’s health is defined as “a patchwork quilt with gaps” by the American women’s health care organizations. Although many of the issues in women’s health are related to their reproductive health. and counting maternal and child health, genital and breast health, Hormonal health along with menstruation cycle, childbirth, and menopause.
A vast understanding of women’s health to include all the aspects of the health of women has been pressurized, changing “women’s health” with “The health of women”. As we know there are different health concerns related to women’s health nowadays.
A heart attack is a serious illness. It is a fatal disease for both women and men. But this is one of the health concerns for women. According to the report CDC, about 29 per cent of women expires from this condition. So the death rate is high in women with a heart attack.
Besides heart disease or heart attack is the main reason for premature death in women. Because mostly women soon devolve heart disease at age of 50 or 55 years. And women die at the age of 60s when no one expecting their sudden death at this young age.
Moreover, according to Pearson, many women are suffering from heart disease and their condition is bad. This is one of the health concerns. These women cannot walk upon stairs and not even breathe properly.
Although the death rate due to heart attack in men is more than in women. But the number of heart disease cases is more in women than men.
The doctor is concerned about women’s health to explain different symptoms of heart disease.
- Chest pain
- Jaw pain
- Shoulder pain
- Shortness of breath
According to the American heart association, there are many risk factors. American health association shares a list of risks related to women’s health concerns.
- Increasing age
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol level
- Physical inactiveness
There are different types of advanced treatments are available for heart disease.
- Angioplasty Laser
- Bypass surgery
- Stent procedure
- Radiofrequency ablation
- Heart transplant
According to the cancer council, the cause of breast cancer in women is the abnormal production of the best skin cells. The number of cells starts increasing with time. These increasing abnormal cells cause cancer in women. This worst thing is related to women’s health concerns. According to a report death rate of breast cancer 2.6 per cent.
According to a report, there are 279100 cases and deaths 42170 reported in 2020 due to breast cancer. Also according to the world health organization, the number of breast cancer will increase by about 50 per cent in 2025.
There are different symptoms you can diagnose breast cancer in yourself. International cancer centre shared a list of symptoms that are related to especially women’s health concerns. Here are the few mentioned below.
- Swelling in the breast or under the Armor armpit
- Irritation or itching on breast skin
- Redness or reddish spots on the skin
- Feeling pain while touching
- Discharge of blood or pus
Doctors provided a list of risk factors related to women’s health concerns.
- increasing age
- Mutation of genes (BRCA1 and BRCA2)
- Early periods in women
- Menopause at the age of 50
- Having no children
- Excessive use of medicines
- Excessive consumption of alcohol
Doctors are discovering advanced treatment processes for breast cancer .because breast cancer cases are increasing and doctors are very serious about women’s health concerns. There are a few types of treatments available.
- Hormone therapy
According to the American cancer society, you can avoid breast cancer by controlling weight. Avoid smoking and alcohol.
According to evidence if your mother was not a breast cancer patient it does not mean you could not get it. There are chances you can get it. There is also a 100 per cent chance if your mother has breast cancer in the future you can be the victim of it.
Ovarian cancers are malignant tumours arising in ovaries. This type of cancer is related to women’s health concerns. The female has two ovaries in the reproductive system, these are present on one on each side of the uterus. Its size is about the size of an almond and is responsible for the production of eggs.
They also produce female sex hormones for example estrogen and progesterone.
Early-stage tumours rarely because of any symptoms while advanced stage tumours are associated with multiple disturbing symptoms.
- Abdominal lump
- Discomfort in the pelvic region
- Altered bowel habits
- Urinary urgency and frequency
Cancer arises due to mutations in cell DNA. These mutations cause rapid growth of abnormal cells creating a mass of these tumour cells which appears as a lump in the abdomen. These tumour cells can invade the nearby tissues and the tumour metastasizes to the distant organs of the body like the brain bone and liver.
There are two types
- Epithelial tumors:
it starts on the upper layer and then affects the lower layer According to a report about a 90percent of ovarian cancers are epithelial tumors.
- Stromal tumors:
They occur in the hormone-producing cells of ovaries so they can be diagnoses at quite earlier stages .they comprise 7% of the ovarian tumors.
Depression is a type of mental illness. According to research about 12millions women suffer from mental illness every year. Besides this only, 6 million people are suffering from depression. In the report of top women’s health concerns, depression is a list of the top 5 diseases.
According to dare, Lynn PhD psychologist women need attention and good connection with others. Also, sometimes hormonal changes cause depression anxiety or mood swings.
There are few risk factors for depression
Any past depressive episode
- Family history of depression
- Heart problem
- Any serious illness
- Serious chronic illness
- Matrimonial problems
- Excessive use of the drug
- Use of medicine
- Stressing life
- Pressure of job
- Vitamins deficiency also cause depression and anxiety
- Recent serious illness or surgery
- Physical abuse or sexual harassment
- Eating disorder
There are a few things and good habits that can help you to cope with depression. According to Lynn report, there are few things
- Sleep early
- Get up early
- Read books
- Keep yourself busy
- Make friends
- Spend your time with pets
- Be creative
- Think positive
By adding all things to your daily life you can avoid the risk of depression. Depression is not a normal thing actually. People in this state try to do suicide also. So don’t take it normal thing .go to a psychologist if you feel depressed any time.
Painful back and frailty were the things women had to accept and suffer before scientific research. Osteoporosis is also on the list of common women’s health concerns 2021 list. The behaviour that young girls adopt plays a major role in their future health and avoidance of osteoporosis.
This is because the body develops most of the bone mass up to 30 years of age .after that it focuses on maintaining the bone density.
there are the following symptoms.
- Pain in back
- Bones break easily
- Height getting shorter
- Increasing age
- Unbalanced food
- Low estrogen level
- Unbalanced Menstrual period
There few types of treatments recommended for this disease.
- Hormone therapy
- Bone-building medication
- Monoclonal medication